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9.5 Summary

9.5 Summary (ESGC7)

By the end of this chapter you should know the following:

  • The definition of the biological classification system and hierarchical manner of grouping of living organisms based on similarities and differences.
  • A brief history of major developments in the classification of organisms.
  • The scientific method of naming of organisms using the binomial nomenclature. All organisms have only one scientific name but many common names.
  • The division of organisms into prokaryotes (simple, unicellular) and eukaryotes (mostly multicellular) and the major differences between the two.
  • The classification of living organisms into five major kingdoms: Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia and the unique characteristics of each kingdom.