## 11.5 Chapter summary

- A triangle is a polygon with three straight sides and three interior angles.
- The sum of the interior angles of a triangle is equal to \(180^{\circ}\).
- A scalene triangle has no equal sides. All sides are different lengths and all angles are different sizes.
- An isosceles triangle has two equal sides. The two angles opposite the equal sides are also equal.
- An equilateral triangle has three equal sides. All three sides are the same length and all three interior angles are equal to \(60^{\circ}\).
- An acute-angled triangle has all interior angles less than \(90^{\circ}\).
- A right-angled triangle has one interior angle equal to \(90^{\circ}\). The side opposite the right angle is called the hypotenuse and it is the longest side of the triangle.
- An obtuse-angled triangle has one interior angle greater than \(90^{\circ}\) and less than \(180^{\circ}\).
- The exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the two interior opposite angles.
- A quadrilateral is a four-sided polygon.
- The sum of the interior angles of a quadrilateral is \(360^{\circ}\).
- A parallelogram is a quadrilateral with both pairs of opposite sides equal and parallel.
- A rectangle is quadrilateral with opposites equal and parallel and interior angles equal to \(90^{\circ}\).
- A square is parallelogram with all sides equal and interior angles equal to \(90^{\circ}\).
- A rhombus is a quadrilateral with both pairs of opposite sides parallel and all sides equal. Two pairs of opposite angles are equal.
- A trapezium is a quadrilateral with one pair of opposite sides parallel.
- A kite is a quadrilateral with two pairs of adjacent sides equal.
- Two shapes are congruent if they are the same shape and size.
- Two shapes are similar if they are the same shape, but they may be different sizes.
- Two shapes are similar if corresponding angles are equal and corresponding sides are in the same proportion.